[BDSP. Notice produite par INIST-CNRS tKODR0x5. Diffusion soumise à autorisation]. From 1996 to 1998, a phase III, placebo-controlled, therapeutic trial was conducted in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, to assess the efficacy of cotrimoxazole prophylaxis in reducing severe morbidity in adults at early stages of human immunodeficiency virus infection. The authors used the real data from this trial to simulate three Bayesian interim analyses. Three prior distributions were considered : a non informative one, a skeptical one, and one based on external information. The posterior distribution was calculated by using directed acyclic graphs and Gibbs sampling. This Bayesian approach showed different results according to the prior distribution chosen. Although use of the non informative prior would have led to stopping the trial at the same time that the frequentist approach would have, the skeptical prior would have led to continuing it, and the prior based on external data would have led to stopping it 1 year earlier.